Maharaja Bodhachandra Singh of Manipur and V.P. Menon, representing the UNION government, signed the Manipur merger agreement on 15 October 1949. The merger of Tripura was signed by Maharani Kanchanprabha Devi, who had been in charge of the state since the death of her husband and the last current king Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya in 1947. The accession of the State of Manipur to India has taken on the character of an international treaty between two sovereign states. Such a treaty is proof that in September 1949, the State of Manipur was a sovereign state and never a vassal or protectorate state. Under international law, membership is the transfer of sovereignty over the national territory by the owner state to another state through a bilateral agreement or treaty. To understand how Manipur`s merger with India took place, we need to take a look at the geography and historical context of that state. Manipur is a landlocked state that shares its borders with the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Assam to the west and mizoram to the south. To the east and southeast of Manipur is Myanmar`s international neighbour, with which Manipur shares an international border of 352 km. Publicity should be given for what President Wilson of the United States said: „People and provinces must not move from sovereignty to sovereignty as if they were mere cats and peasants at stake.
People can no longer be dominated and governed only by their consent. Self-determination is not just an expression; it is a principle of imperative action that ignores the explanation at the peril of the declaration. Its sovereignty of the Maharadjas is entitled to the full ownership, exploitation and enjoyment of all private real estate (unlike state property) which belongs to it at the time of this contract. His Highness, the Maharajah, will present to the government, before 1 January 1950, an inventory of all the real estate, securities and cash holdings it holds as such. In the event of a dispute over whether an object is the private property of its sovereignty, the maharadar or state property, it is referred to a judicial officer to be appointed a judge of the Supreme Court, and that official`s decision is final and binding on both parties. Assuming that its sovereignty of the maharajah right to use residences known as „Redlands“ and „The Chatalettes“ in Shillong, and property in the town of Gauhati known as „Manipuri Basti“ are not in question. His Highness of the Maharajah will have the right, with effect of the day mentioned, to obtain for his life revenues from the state annually for his Privy Purse the sum of three lakhs free of all taxes. This amount is intended to cover all expenses of the sovereign and his family, including expenses relating to his personal personnel and armed guards, the maintenance of his residences, marriages and other ceremonies, etc., and compensation for the sovereign`s relations which, on the day of the implementation of this agreement, received such compensation from state revenues. and for some reason it is neither increased nor reduced. The Indian government agrees to pay the aforementioned sum of three lakhs to His Highness, the Maharajah, in four instalments at the beginning of each quarter from the public treasury or to another treasury, which may be fixed by the Indian government. Thus, the Manipur State exercised internal sovereignty only under the reign of the British crown, until British supremacy was shook in 1947 with the passage of the Indian Independent Act in 1947.
Under Section 7 of the Act, entitled „Consequences of the Construction of the New Dominions,“ the Indian state, including Manipur, became completely independent and their full sucenity was revived on 15-8-1947. However, in accordance with Section 4 of Section 2 of the Act, space was left for these states to join one of the new Dominions of India and Pakistan.