R-ARCSS is an agreement to revive the August 2015 ARCSS, which temporarily ended South Sudan`s first civil war, which broke out on December 13, 2013. Between August 2015 and June 2016, ARCSS played a significant role in preventing confrontations between key parties to the conflict and until July 2016, when conflicts erupted. The agreement covers a wide range of issues essential to achieving peace in South Sudan. It reveals a sophisticated concept of power-sharing, outlines the infrastructure needed for a lasting ceasefire and security in the country, outlines the process of facilitating access to humanitarian aid, sets out pathways for the administration of economic and financial resources, sets the way forward for justice and accountability in the area of transition, defines mechanisms for establishing a permanent constitution, and describes how the agreement should be incorporated into the Constitution of South Sudan. The agreement provides for the creation of an UNTT in South Sudan. This RTGoNU is responsible for governing for a 36-month transition period that begins eight months after the signing of the R-ARCSS. Democratic elections will be held 60 days before the end of the transition period. The same agreement also provides for a single executive chairman (Kiir), a first vice-president (Machar) and four vice-presidents appointed by TGoNU, SSOA, the current TGoNU and former detainees. While the first vice-president is responsible for tasking the cabinet group for governance issues, the other four vice-presidents will mandate their assigned clusters of firms: the economic cluster, the distribution service, the infrastructure cluster and the Gender and Youth cluster.
However, the institutions that have been formed face the great challenge of not having the means to meet their responsibilities. In total, according to stakeholders, $280 million is needed to implement the peace agreement. To date, less than $3 million has been seized.9 In her mailings at the third CTSAMVM meeting on January 22, 2019, the Chairperson, Desta Abiche Ageno, expressed precisely this restriction: that budgetary constraints hinder the panel`s ability to use monitors and hold the RJMEC to account10.10 stressed that the lack of resources for the agreement is increased during its third plenary session and stressed that the restriction is „the proper execution of tasks and activities“, 11 Peace funding is such an obstacle that in February 2019, Kiir decided to reduce the remuneration controls of civil servants from March to June 2019 in order to finance the peace process.12 that workers in South Sudan do not receive decent wages and are rarely paid on time. In all respects, the government has already withdrawn the financial contribution of public opinion to the implementation of peace. Following its launch in December 2017, the FRF was able to facilitate several 15-month negotiations between the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement of Sudan and the government (SPLM/A-IG), Riek Machar Teny Dhurgons Sudan People`s Liberation Movement and Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) and other opposition political parties that eventually culminated in ARCS R. The R-ARCSS was preceded by five important agreements between the parties and interest groups of the conflict in South Sudan: another possible obstacle to the implementation of the R-ARCSS could be the deep mistrust and mistrust between and between the parties to the agreement, which cannot be concealed. Given the continuing rivalry that has manifested itself in the experiences of terrible and unsuitable inter-communal clashes between their respective supporters in South Sudan, such antagonism must be understood.