Non-automatic import certificates are defined as certificates outside the definition of the automatic import certificate (Article 3.1). Non-automatic licences are used to manage trade restrictions, such as quantitative restrictions, which are justified within the WTO legal framework. At the request of a member with an interest in the trade of the product concerned, members disclose all relevant information (Article 3.5 a). When awarding certificates, members should take into account an applicant`s import results and ensure adequate distribution of certificates to new importers, particularly importers importing products from developing and least developed countries (Article 3.5, d). If quotas are not distributed by country, licensees are free to choose sources of imports; if they are distributed among the supplier countries, the licence must clearly define the countries (Article 3. 5, point k). Compensatory adjustments can be made for future licensing under Article 1.8, where imports have exceeded an earlier licence level (Article 3.5 l). Members must apply import authorization procedures in a neutral manner and manage them fairly and fairly (Article 1.3). Applications should not be rejected on the basis of minor documentary errors and should not be severely punished for omissions or errors in documents or procedures clearly carried out without premeditation or gross negligence (Article 1.7). Licensed imports cannot be refused for reasons consistent with normal business practices due to slight variations in the value, volume or weight of the amount shown in the certificate (Article 1.8). Non-automatic import certificates must not have any restrictive or distorting effects on imports in addition to imports resulting from the introduction of the restriction and must correspond, in terms of volume and duration, to the extent to which it is used (Article 3.2). If you are unsure of a country`s applications for import certificates, check the WTO website for country/territory import certificates, search the country`s customs website and/or visit the local embassy or consulate. Article VIII of the GATT (entitled Import and Export Receipts and Procedures) treats import authorization procedures in a non-specific manner.
Paragraph 1, point (c), establishes a general obligation with respect to formalities for which members recognize the need to minimize the frequency and complexity of import and export formalities, to reduce and simplify import and export documentation requirements.